Introduction – Abul Kalam Azad
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad belonged to a family of Afghan Ulemas, his father Mohammad Khairuddin was a Persian and his mother was of Arab origin. Abul Kalam was born on 11 November 1888 in Mecca. His primary education was done in Islamic ways, first he was taught by his father and then he gained knowledge from Muslim scholars.
His mother had passed away when he was 11 years old. Maulana Abul Kalam’s father had gained fame as a Muslim scholar in Kolkata. Maulana, who was brilliant in studies since childhood, was the first Education Minister of India, after his death he received the Bharat Ratna Award, during his lifetime he guided many youths, made immense contribution in the country’s politics and freedom struggle, he was also given the epithet of Nation Builder. Granted, National Education Day is celebrated in the country every year on 11 November, which is the birthday of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Let’s talk about them.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad biography is an inspiration for all of us, he was a leader and a philanthropist politician, he played an important role in the country’s freedom struggle, people used to come from far and wide to listen to his statement, writing and poetry apart from journalism He was well versed in composition too! After the announcement made by the Ministry of Human Development in the year 2008, the day of November 11 is celebrated as National Education Day every year in memory of the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Rich in versatility, Abul Kalam Azad also became the youngest President of the Indian National Congress.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Short Biography in English
|Name-||Abul Kalam Azad|
|Mother-||Daughter of Sheikh Mohammad Zahar Watri (Name Not Known)|
|Date of Birth-||November 11, 1888|
|Birthplace-||Mecca (Ostoman Empire)|
|Education-||Scholar, Philosopher, (Educated from family and Muslim scholars)|
|Politics Parties-||Indian National Congress|
|Profession-||Politician, Poet, Journalist, Philosopher|
|Movement-||Indian Freedom Struggle|
|Journalism-||Al Hilal Newspaper, Vakil News|
|Death-||22 February 1958 (Reason – Heart attack / stroke)|
|Place of Death Delhi –||India|
Talents and Distinctive Features
He had amazing courage and patience to face the difficulties, the philanthropic spirit like a saint, a sage made him different from the common people, living a simple life and speaking truthful words were his advance characteristics, due to this special behavior he became a Emerge as a great guide!
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s talent can be gauged from the fact that he used to teach students of 20 to 25 years of age at the age of 12, at the age when boys are busy in studies and sports, at that age he became a debater. By being a part, they started winning in them too! Abul Kalam may have been a Gandhian, but his relationship with Subhash Chand Bose was even better! For this reason Muslim leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah
They used to criticize him too, but Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was not going to get distracted by such things!
When India became independent, Abul Kalam Azad was made Education Minister in the cabinet of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, because he had a precise hold on knowledge! He was considered one of the greatest scholars of the 20th century. Azad ji’s parents were also scholars! Abul Kalam’s father himself had written 12 books. At a young age, little Azad had prepared his own library, and his articles were being published in Political General.
Knowledge Enhancement and Nation’s Pride
maulana abul kalam azad biography: In the year 1890, Maulana settled with his family in Calcutta, where he mastered Hindi, Bengali, Persian, English, Urdu and Arabic languages. Later on, he acquired the knowledge of World History, Science, Hanafi, Shariat, Maliki Shafi, Philosophy, and Science. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad got married at a very young age, his wife’s name was Zulaikha Begum, as he grew older, Maulana became more mature, there were many ups and downs in his life, but his focus was on his work and goal. Never stray!
Bengal was partitioned in the year 1905, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad did not like it one eye, this was the period when Maulana started coming in contact with big revolutionaries, for example Shyam Sundar Chakraborty and Aurobindo Ghosh! At the same time, Abul Kalam also had a great interest in journalism, due to which he also worked for a newspaper named Vakil.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s heart was full of patriotism, he published a newspaper named “Al Hilal” in the year 1912, in which he “Openly” started criticizing British policies with an open mind. Due to this, this newspaper of his had started collecting headlines in India as well as in foreign countries. World War 1 will start in the coming time, strict on the press
Laws were implemented, in such a way Abul Kalam’s journals were banned one by one! Maulana was very angry at this type of injustice. In 1914, restrictions were imposed under the Press Act.
Following The Ideology of Mahatma Gandhi
Now the era of Gandhiji has started, the process of connecting common people in Congress progressed, after the First World War, Maulana had faith that everything would be fine, freedom would be achieved, but the insidious Britishers had no plan to leave India! On the contrary, he imposed a black law like Rowlatt Act in India, in which there was a provision to put anyone in jail without any doubt, Maulana Abul Kalam was also arrested during this period! At the time of the British rule in India, Turkey was also struggling with troubles, Maulana was promoting the “Khilafat Movement” by roaming around India.
After the Chauri Chaura incident, Gandhiji withdrew the Non-Cooperation Movement, due to which the founders of the Khilafat Movement, Ali Brothers became very angry, but Abul Kalam did not leave Gandhiji’s side! In the coming times, Maulana’s lifestyle started becoming like a saint, he was seen talking about religion, talking about humanity, wearing khadi and spinning wheel, and actively participating in the non-violent struggle to get India’s freedom!
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a very close friend of Jawaharlal Nehru. But he was also a good friend of Subhash Chandra Bose and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. At that time, when the blueprint of law was made in India, Maulana supported the “Nehru Report”! Mohammad Ali Jinnah did not support the “Nehru Report”, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad used to spoil the whole work as much as he tried to correct the situation! Because of this, there used to be a lot of heated argument between the two politicians.
In April 1930, the Dandi March Salt Satyagraha took place, the British showered lathis, and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad spread this whole incident well so that the people of the country could unite and understand the delicacy of the occasion! After this incident, many people were put in jail, Maulana was also included in it, Gandhi-Irwin Pact happened in the next few years, in which the condition of releasing Political Prisoners was kept, then Abul Kalam was freed but Bhagat Singh Wasn’t released from jail!
Confrontation Between Abul Kalam Azad and Mohammad Ali Jinnah
maulana abul kalam azad biography: In the year 1935, the British Government came down to its knees for the Government of India Act, now the election phase started in India, in which Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was working for Congress from vote appeal to fund raising! This was the time when those who indulged in petty politics of communalism used to instigate Muslims by saying that Hindu rule has come in India, they kept on opposing everything of Congress.
Maulana was the link between both the Hindu and Muslim communities, he strongly opposed the 2 Nation Theory, for this purpose dialogues were also held between the Muslim League and the Congress in 1935 to 1937, but everything remained inconclusive, Maulana was engaged in connecting everyone and Whom you kept working to break!
Quit India Movement took place in 1942, which got a lot of success, even the Britishers were not ready to back down, they started jailing all the revolutionary leaders one by one! Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was also jailed for 4 years at that time and was lodged in Ahmed Nagar Fort Jail! At that time Maulana was reinstated on the post of Congress Precident! (Held the premiership from 1939-1946)
In 1946, the Muslim League wanted a separate country Pakistan, the Indian National Congress did not agree on this at all! It was during this period that the Cabinet Mission Plan came, in this too the demand for a separate Pakistan was rejected. Direct Action Day of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and then there were riots in many parts of the country, people were killed indiscriminately! After the partition of India-Pakistan, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad became the first education minister of the country, Maulana had a huge contribution in all the educational institutions built in India during that period, in all the educational revolutions that came!
Amazing Contribution in Education Sector
He won the Lok Sabha elections in 1952 and 1957, Abul Kalam laid more emphasis on the education of girls and children, in the coming years, Maulana supported Nehru’s policies in almost every field, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was also the head of UNESCO in 1956 Chosen! During this time he also wrote his famous book India Wins Freedom. This book was published in the year 1959 after Maulana’s death.
Institutions like UGC, IIT and CBSE developed during the tenure of Maulana. Maulana also promoted many research programs, it would not be wrong if Abul Kalam Azad is given the analogy of a nation builder! That’s why every year November 11 is celebrated as National Education Day in the country. On February 22, 1958, Maulana Abul Kalam left the free world, and after his death in the year 1992, he was awarded India’s highest civilian honor “Bharat Ratna”.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography FAQ
Q – When did Abul Kalam Azad get the Bharat Ratna?
A – He was awarded the “Bharat Ratna” award posthumously in the year 1992.
Q – When is National Education Day celebrated in India?
A – Every year on 11th November, National Education Day is celebrated in India, because Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s birthday falls on this day.
Q – Role of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in protesting against the Rowlatt Act?
A – In the year 1919, he played a very important role in organizing the non-cooperation movement and also took an active part in the struggle.
Q – When and with whom did Maulana Abul Kalam Azad get married?
A – At the age of only 13, he was married to Zulaikha Begum!
Q – Who became the first education minister of India, and what was his contribution?
A – This credit goes to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and he did a commendable job for building free education, excellent education system, and modern educational institutions!
Q – When did Maulana Abul Kalam Azad die?
A – He left his body on 22nd February in 1958, a wave of mourning spread across the country on his death.
Q – What were the unusual qualities of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad?
A – He was a philanthropic person and a clear speaker, his personality like simplicity was his specialty, people used to get mesmerized listening to him!
Q – What was the field of work of Maulana Abul Kalam?
A – He was a writer, journalist, poet, philosopher and scholar of religion.
Q – From which Urdu newspaper did Maulana Abul Kalam Azad get fame?
A – In the year 1912, he brought out an Urdu newspaper named “Al Hilal”, this newspaper became popular not only in India but also in foreign countries.
Q – Introduction of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s parents?
A – His father was a famous scholar, his name was Khairuddin, and his mother’s name was Alia, she was of Arab origin.
Q – The real name and surname of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad?
A – He was first named Mohiuddin Ahmed by his father, later he became famous as Maulana Saheb and Abul Kalam Azad.
Q – Birth and birth place of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad?
A – He was born on November 11, 1888 in “Mecca”.
conclusion Of maulana abul kalam azad biography
Did you like the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography, maulana abul kalam azad biographymaulana abul kalam azad birth place, maulana azad biography, birthplace of maulana abul kalam azad, maulana abul kalam azad biography in English How did you like this article depicting the biography of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad? Please share your comments. Thank you for visiting our site